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Books: When India Starved and Britain Stood By
by Sumit Ganguly
A new book documents a tragic episode during World War II, when Winston Churchill could not be bothered to prevent starvation that killed nearly 4 million Indians.
How To Govern a Multipolar World
by David P. Calleo
“Can Europe’s postwar experience with multinational institutions help bring order to the increasingly plural world system that is unfolding in the twenty-first century?”
Perspective: The Menace in Europe's Midst
by Robert S. Leiken
As the children of Europe’s Muslim migrants encounter downward mobility, intelligence officials warn that the chief terrorist threat to America today resides in . . . Britain.
BOOK REVIEWS: Heroes Entwined: Gandhi and Churchill and Books in Brief
by Reviewers: Sumit Ganguly and William W. Finan Finan Jr.
Reviews of Books on South and Southeast Asia
Europe's Enduring Anti-Americanism
by Michael Cox
"Anti-Americanism has embedded itself in a very profound way in Europe's foreign policy discourse. . . . This fact, more than any changes about to take place in the White House, will shape the transatlantic relationship for years to come."
The Ebbing Power of Turkey's Secularist Elite
by Jenny White
"It is not Islam that is the biggest challenge facing Turkey today, but rather the rise . . . of an intolerant, extreme form of nationalism."
The Ukrainian Gas Crisis Revisited
by NIKOLAI SOKOV
"Russia's gas price policy, however badly and arrogantly executed, was perhaps not unreasonable. In fact, it may serve the long-term interests of the international community, and even Ukraine."
Poland Provoked: How Women Artists En-Gender Democracy
by ELZBIETA MATYNIA
"It is women artists who, by entering into an open debate with central elements of the Polish cultural tradition, pose the main questions concerning the nature of democratic citizenship, toleration, and pluralism."
Russia and the West: A Dangerous Drift
by MICHAEL MCFAUL
"Should Western leaders try to stop this perilous drift of disengagement? Yes. Can they stop it anytime in the foreseeable future? Not likely."
Turkey and Europe: Will East Meet West?
by M. Hakan Yavuz and Mujeeb R. Khan
"For many Europeans, integration with a large Muslim country of 70 million people with a lower level of economic development and a much faster-growing population seems a daunting prospect. Equally daunting, however, may be a Turkey cast adrift...."
Bringing Turkey into Europe
by Mujeeb R. Khan and M. Hakan Yavuz
"While the goal of earning EU membership has been central to the recent push to implement significant political and legal reforms in Turkey, it still remains to be seen whether Turkey's Muslim heritage, large population, and economic underdevelopment will remain immovable obstacles to full membership. It is now clear that this is a decision that can no longer be indefinitely postponed by Brussels or Ankara."
Same War, Different Views: Germany, Japan, and the War on Terrorism
by Peter J. Katzenstein
"The tendency of the Bush administration to frame terrorism as a threat posed equally by evil states and nonstate groups is . . . distinctive. It is easy to lose sight of how atypical, even among liberal democracies, are the American view of international life in Manichaean terms and the American emphasis on the military dimension of society. Germany's and Japan's very different approaches to counterterrorism are useful reminders of American exceptionalism."
A Dream Become Nightmare? Turkey's Entry into the European Union
by Ersel Aydinli and Dov Waxman
"As long as Turkey's desire for EU membership represented an abstract ideal . . . , Turkey's military and civilian elite could avoid acknowledging the potential political costs of membership in the eu. And as long as the Europeans kept Turkey at arm's length, that elite's willingness to implement the domestic reforms necessary for EU membership was never put to the test."
Turkey's Fault Lines and the Crisis of Kemalism
by M. Hakan Yavuz and Mujeeb R. Khan
"Kemalism has been superficially Western in form while remaining rigidly authoritarian and dogmatic in substance. It continues to stress republicanism over democracy, homogeneity over difference, the military over the civilian, and the state over society. . . . Its quixotic quest to radically recast Turkish culture, history, and identity has ensured a permanent kulturkampf against society."